Pharmacognosy

Львівському національному медичному університету

DEPARTMENT OF PHARMACOGNOSY AND BOTANY

MPM name

Source

Constituents

Action, use

Semen Lini

Linum ussitatissimum L.,(linseed, flaxseed), Linaceae

fixed oils, containing linoleine, mucilage, linamarine

demulcent, emollient (atonias and ulcer treatment), laxative

Radices Taraxaci

Taraxacum officinale Wigg (dandelion), Asteraceaea

inulin (40%), bitters (sesqui-and  triterpenoids), taraxasterol

extract chiefly used as a simple bitter; component of appetite, laxative and choleretic teas

Radices Altheae, Herba Althaeae

Althaea officinalis L., A.armeniaca Ten (marsh mallow), Malvaceae

mucilage, pectins, starch

emmolient, mucolytic (bronchitis, cough; gastric ulcers), anti-inflammatory action

Folia Plantaginis majoris, Herba Plantaginis majoris recens

Plantago major L. (plantain), Plantaginaceae

pectins, glycans, mucillage; allantoin, aucubin; flavonoids; vitamins C and K

mucolytic (bronchitis), wound-healing, anti-inflammatory(gastritis, ulcers, colitis)

Semina Psylii, Herba Plantaginis psylii recens

Plantago psylium (psyllium), Plantaginaceae

mucilages (10-30%) of neutral and acidic fractions, oils

cathartic, emmolient

Folia Farfarae

Tussilago farfara L.(coltsfoot), Asteraceae

mucilages, carotenoids, organic acids, tussilagin, flavonoids.

emmolient, mucolytic, anti-inflammatory (in upper respiratory diseases)

Rhizomata et Radices Inulae

Inula helenium L. (elecampane), Asteraceae

inulin (40 %), alantol, volatile oil, helenine,bicyclic sesquiterpenoids (alantolactone, iso- and dihydroalantolactone)

mucolytic, stimulating gastric activity and appetite, choleretic action. Volatile oil is an antiseptic and antihelmintic

Flores Tiliae

Tilia cordata Mill,T. platyphyllos Scop.,(lime) Tiliaceae

mucilages, flavonoids, farnesole, monoterpenoids

anti-inflammatory

(colds, angina, stomatitis, gingivitis treatment)

Fructus Rubi Idaei

Rubus idaeus L. (european raspberry), Rosaceae

fructose, glucose, sucrose, pectins; organic acids, vitamins, flavonoids

infusion cures colds (decreases temperature). Sirupus Rubi idaei is used as corrigens

Thalii Laminariae

Laminaria japonica Aresch, L. saccharina(L.)Lam., (brown sea weed), Laminariaceae

polysaccharides (alginic acid), organic brome and iodine, vitamins of b-group, 23 aminoacids

Prophylactic remedy for endemic thyreocele and atherosclerosis; laxative

 

MPM, containing polysaccharides

 

 

 

 

MPM name

Source

Constituents

Action, use

Semen Lini

Linum ussitatissimum L.,(linseed, flaxseed), Linaceae

fixed oils, containing linoleine, mucilage, linamarine

demulcent, emollient (atonias and ulcer treatment), laxative

Radices Taraxaci

Taraxacum officinale Wigg (dandelion), Asteraceaea

inulin (40%), bitters (sesqui-and  triterpenoids), taraxasterol

extract chiefly used as a simple bitter; component of appetite, laxative and choleretic teas

Radices Altheae, Herba Althaeae

Althaea officinalis L., A.armeniaca Ten (marsh mallow), Malvaceae

mucilage, pectins, starch

emmolient, mucolytic (bronchitis, cough; gastric ulcers), anti-inflammatory action

Folia Plantaginis majoris, Herba Plantaginis majoris recens

Plantago major L. (plantain), Plantaginaceae

pectins, glycans, mucillage; allantoin, aucubin; flavonoids; vitamins C and K

mucolytic (bronchitis), wound-healing, anti-inflammatory(gastritis, ulcers, colitis)

Semina Psylii, Herba Plantaginis psylii recens

Plantago psylium (psyllium), Plantaginaceae

mucilages (10-30%) of neutral and acidic fractions, oils

cathartic, emmolient

Folia Farfarae

Tussilago farfara L.(coltsfoot), Asteraceae

mucilages, carotenoids, organic acids, tussilagin, flavonoids.

emmolient, mucolytic, anti-inflammatory (in upper respiratory diseases)

Rhizomata et Radices Inulae

Inula helenium L. (elecampane), Asteraceae

inulin (40 %), alantol, volatile oil, helenine,bicyclic sesquiterpenoids (alantolactone, iso- and dihydroalantolactone)

mucolytic, stimulating gastric activity and appetite, choleretic action. Volatile oil is an antiseptic and antihelmintic

Flores Tiliae

Tilia cordata Mill,T. platyphyllos Scop.,(lime) Tiliaceae

mucilages, flavonoids, farnesole, monoterpenoids

anti-inflammatory

(colds, angina, stomatitis, gingivitis treatment)

Fructus Rubi Idaei

Rubus idaeus L. (european raspberry), Rosaceae

fructose, glucose, sucrose, pectins; organic acids, vitamins, flavonoids

infusion cures colds (decreases temperature). Sirupus Rubi idaei is used as corrigens

Thalii Laminariae

Laminaria japonica Aresch, L. saccharina(L.)Lam., (brown sea weed), Laminariaceae

polysaccharides (alginic acid), organic brome and iodine, vitamins of b-group, 23 aminoacids

Prophylactic remedy for endemic thyreocele and atherosclerosis; laxative