Pharmacognosy

Львівському національному медичному університету

DEPARTMENT OF PHARMACOGNOSY AND BOTANY

Iridoids containing MPM

 

MPM name

Source

Constituents

Action, use

Radices Gentianae

Gentiana lutea L. (gentian), Gentianaceae

secoiridoids (gentiopicroside, gentiopicrine, amarogentine), xanthones (gentisine, isogentisine), gentiobiose, alkaloid gentianine

as bitter, improving appetite and gastric activity; cholagogue; antiseptic; anti-inflammatory

Folia Menyanthidis

Menyanthes trifoliata L.,

(bogbean, marsh trefoil), Menyanthaceae

iridoids, secoiridoids (loganine, sweroside, foliamenthine, mentiafoline); tannins; flavonoids, monoterpene alkaloids

as bitter; cholagogue; anti-inflammatory; mild laxative

Cortex Viburni

Viburnum opulus L., (black haw),

Caprifoliaceae

C10-iridoids (opulusiridoids); phenolic acids, phenolic glycosides; triterpenoids (ursulic and oleanolic acid); tannins

antihaemorragic,

astrigent,

sedative (fruits-vitaminic remedy, diuretic)