Pharmacognosy

Львівському національному медичному університету

DEPARTMENT OF PHARMACOGNOSY AND BOTANY

Sesquiterpene lactones containing MPM

 

MPM name

Source

Constituents

Action, use

Flores Chamomillae

Chamomilla recutita (L.)Rausch, its syn.

Matriacaria recutita L. (M. chamomilla L.) (German,or Hungarian chamomile) and Chamomilla suaveolens (Matricaria matricarioides Porter.), Asteraceae

chamazulene, farnesene, cadinene, bisabolole, myrcene; flavonoids; phytosterine

spasmolytic, anti-inflammatory (mouth wash, wounds),

stimulates gastric secretion and appetite

 

Folia Absinthii, Herba Absinthii

Artemisia absinthium L., (wormwood, absinth), Asteraceae

cyneol, thujone, absinthine, anabsinthine, tauremisine

stimulates appetite, gastric and bile secretion

Herba Millefolii, Flores Millefolii

Achillea millefolium L.,(yarrow, milfoil), Asteraceae

sesquiterpene lactones (achiline, millefine); proazulenes (matricine, matricarine, azulene, humulene);monoterpenoids (pinene, sabinene, borneol, thujone); flavonoids; tannins; vitamin K

antihaemorrhagic action; stimulates gastric and bile secretion; antispasmodic;

component of appetite, gastric, hypotensive collections

Flores Arnicae

Arnica montana L., (arnica),

A. chamissonis Less. subsp. Foliosa Nutt., Asteraceae

sesquiterpene lactones (helenaline, arnifoline); thymol; monoterpenes; triterpenoids; flavonoids (apigenine, luteoline, campherol, quercetine); carotenoids; arnicine

antihaemorrhagic, bacteriostatic (haematomes, skin inflammations, burns), cholagogue, antisclerotic

Herba Ledi palustis

Ledum palustre L.,

(wild rosemary, Labrador tea), Ericaceae

tricyclic sesquiterpenoids -sesquiterpene alcohols (ledol, palustrol); myrcene, terpenoids; triterpenes (taraxasterol); tannins; arbutin

spasmolytic, diuretic, antiseptic; vasodilatator (decreases blood pressure).

Ledin is cough remedy

Rhizomata et Radices Inulae

Inula helenium L. (elecampane), Asteraceae

bicyclic sesquiterpenoids (alantolactone, iso- and dihydroalantolactone), inulin (40 %), alantol, volatile oil, helenine

mucolytic, stimulating gastric activity and appetite, choleretic action. Volatile oil is an antiseptic and antihelmintic

Radices Taraxaci

Taraxacum officinale Wigg (dandelion), Asteraceaea

bitters (sesqui-and  triterpenoids), taraxasterol; inulin (40%),

extract is chiefly used as a simple bitter; component of appetite, laxative and choleretic teas