Pharmacognosy

Львівському національному медичному університету

DEPARTMENT OF PHARMACOGNOSY AND BOTANY

Aromatic terpenoids containing MPM

 

MPM name

Source

Constituents

Action, use

Fructus Anisi vulgaris, Oleum Anisi

Anisum vulgare Gaertn.(Pimpinella anisum L.),

(anise seed), Apiaceae

anethol, methylchavicol, anise aldehyde, ketone, acid; fixed oils; phurocoumarins

carminative, bactericidal, expectorant, anti-inflammatory. Ingredient of cough drugs and stomach collections

Fructus Foeniculi, Oleum Foeniculi

Foeniculum vulgare Mill.,(fennel), Apiaceae

anethol, phenchone, pinene, anise acid; fixed oils; coumarin umbelliferone; quercetin

carminative, spasmolytic

Herba Serpylli

Thymus serpyllum L.,

(wild, or  creeping thyme), Lamiaceae

thymol, carvacrol, cymol, pinene, terpinene, borneol; bitters; triretpene acids

expectorant, antibacterial, spasmolytic

Herba Thymi vulgaris, Oleum Thymi

Thymus vulgaris L., (common, or garden thyme), Lamiaceae

thymol, carvacrol, cymol, monoterpenoids; sesquiterpene cariophilene; triterpenes; phenolic acids; flavonoids (luteolin);

thymol is a potent antiseptic in dermatology and dentistry; carminative

Herba Origani

Origanum vulgare L.,

(pot,or wild marjoram), Lamiaceae

carvacrol, thymol, monoterpene alcohols, geraniil acetate, sesquiterpenes; flavonoids, tannins

anti-inflammatory, antimicrobic, carminative, stimulates bile secretion, sedative