Pharmacognosy

Львівському національному медичному університету

DEPARTMENT OF PHARMACOGNOSY AND BOTANY

Monoterpenoids and aromatic compounds containing MPM

 

MPM name

Source

Constituents

Action, use

Fructus Coriandri, Oleum Coriandri

Coriandrum sativum L. (coriander), Apiaceae

linalool, pinene, geraniol, terpinene, bornilacetate; fixed oils; coumarins

aromatic stimulant, Linalool is a sourse of Cytral solution- ophtalmic antimicrobal drops; Component of appetite, cholagogue, mucolytic and antihaemmoroidal collections

Flores Lavandulae, Oleum Lavandulae

Lavandula angustifolia Mill. (L.vera, L. spica) (lavender), Lamiaceae

linalyl acetate, linalool, bornilacetate; anthocyanes

volatile oil is used as antiseptic

Folia Menthae piperitae, Oleum Menthae piperitae

Mentha piperita L. (peppermint), Lamiaceae

menthol, menthone, limonene, proazulenes, acetic and isovalerianic aethers of menthol; flavonoids; tannins; betain

Infusion is spasmolytic, sedative; stimulates gastric secretion. Menthol dilates blood vessels causing a sensation of coldness, when applied to the skin; its action is anaesthetic and antiseptic Menthol is combined with camphor and eucalyptus oil (cineole) in oinments, cough drugs, nasal sprays, inhalants to relieve symptoms of bronchitis, sinusitis, nasal congestion

Folia Salviae

Salvia officinalis L. (sage), Lamiaceae

thujone, cineole, pinene, cymene, limonene, borneol, bornile acetate; diterpene lactones; triterpenoids

anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial; for mouth wash in inflammations (gingivitis and stomatitis)

Folia Eucalypti, Folia Eucalypti viminalis, Oleum Eucalypti

Eucalyptus globulus Labill., E.cinerea F.Muell. ex Benth.,

E. viminalis Labill.,

Myrtaceae

cineol, pinene; chlorophile

isovalerianic aldehyde;

tannins

bactericidic, anti-inflammatory, astrigent; totality of chlorophile compounds, has an antistafiloccocal action

Rhizomata et Radices Valerianae

Valeriana officinalis L. (valerian), Valerianaceae

bornyl isovalerianate,

borneole, bornyl acetate, camphene, limonene, pinene; iridoid epoxides (valepotriates)

calmative in nervousness, sedative; spasmolytic and antihypertensive. Ingredient of sedative and stomach collections

Fructus Juniperi

Juniperus communis L.,(juniper), Cupressaceae

pinene, camphene, borneol; gums; sugars; tannins

diuretic in cystitis, antiseptic

Fructus Carvi

Carum carvi L., (caraway),

Apiaceae

carvone, limonene, caryeol, dihydrocarvone; flavonoids;

fixed oils

carminative, spasmolytic