Pharmacognosy

Львівському національному медичному університету

DEPARTMENT OF PHARMACOGNOSY AND BOTANY

MPM, containing tannins

 

MPM name

Source

Constituents

Action, use

Cortex Quercus

Quercus robur L., Q. petraea (Matt.) Liebl., (oak), Fagaceae

condensed tannins (12%), gallic and ellagic acids; flavonoids; saponins; hydrocarbons

astrigent and anti-inflammatory agent in guingvitis and stomatitis, burns and freezings;

ingredient of antihaemorrhoidal herbal collections

Rhizomata Tormentillae

Potentilla erecta (L.) Raeusch. (P. tormentilla Stokes) (tormentil), Rosaceae

condensed tannins, pyrogallol, ellagic acid, flobaphenes; triterpenoid saponins; volatile oil

astringent in enteritis, enterocolitis, diarrhoea, stomatitis and guinguitis

Folia Rhois coriariae

Rhus coriaria, Anacardiaceae

tannins : gallotannin, gallic acid and its methyl esters (totally 13-25%); flavonoids (myrecitin); ascorbic acid

sourse for obtaining of tannin

Fructus Alni

Alnus incana (L.) Moench. (spreckled, hoary elder) and Alnus glutinosa (L.)Gaertn., Betulaceae

ellagotanins, gallotannins, gallic and ellagic acids (about 15% totally).

astrigent, anti-inflammatory and antihaemorrhage remedy

Fructus Myrtilli, Folia Myrtilli

Vaccinium myrtillus L. (bilberry, blueberry), Ericaceae

condensed tannins (12%), organic acids; phenolic acids and glycosides (neomyrtyllin, myrtyllin, arbutin); flavonoids : monomeric flavan-3-ols (catechin, epicatechin), proanthocyanidins, anthocyanin, C-3 0-glucosides, 0-galactosides, O-arabinosides of cyanidin, peonidin, delphinidin, malvidin, and petunidin, mirtyllin (the mixture of glycosides of delphinidin and malvidin), avicularin, hyperoside

anthocyanins improve vision in poor light; extracts for functional symptoms of venous and lymphatic vessel insufficiency,  vision (nyctalopia, myopia); myrtyllin decreases the blood sugar level; mild astrigent in child diarrhea and acute enterocolitis of adults

Folia Cotini coggygriae

Cotinus coggygria, Anacardiacea

galotannins

astrigent, cholagogue

Rhizomata Bergeniae

Bergenia crassifolia, Saxifragaceae

galotannins, condensed tannins, gallic acid; phenolic glycoside arbutin

astrigent, antimicrobic

 

Rhizomata et radices Sanguisorbae

Sanguisorba officinalis,

Rosaceae

pyrogallols; saponins; phytoncides; starch; calcium oxalate

astrigent and antihaemorrhage (bleedings and inflammations,

haemorrhoidis) ; antibiotic(angina)

Rhizomata Bistortae

Polygonum bistorta L. (bistort, snakeweed), Polygonaceae

gallotannins, gallic and ellagic acids (totallity of tannins reaches 25%); cathechins

astrigent; decoction and extract are used in acute and chronic diarrhea, gastrointestinal inflammations, uterine and haemorrhoidal haemorrhages; stomatitis and guinguitis; in astrigent gastric herbal collections