Pharmacognosy

DEPARTMENT OF PHARMACOGNOSY AND BOTANY

 

 

Thematic plan of the lectures

on Pharmacognosy

for the students of rd course, Faculty of Pharmacy,

(autumn term)

 

 

Themes of lectures

Hours

 

1.

Pharmacognosy as the science and discipline, its tasks and objects for investigation. Major terms of pharmacognosy, nomenclature of medicinal plants and medicinal plant materials (MPM). Chemical content of medicinal plants, their classification. Methods of pharmacognostic analysis.

2

2.

System of MPM standardization in Ukraine, Order of elaboration, compliance and approval of the analytic and normative documents on medicinal plant materials. Sampling of material. Determination of identity and quality of medicinal plant materials according to Standard Technical documents

2

3.

Polysaccharides. Classification, physical and chemical properties. Chemical reactions for identification and quantitative determination, uses in medicine. Plants and MPM containing polysaccharides.

2

4.

Vitamins. Distribution in plant kingdom, classification. Influence of vegetation phases and environmental conditions on the accumulation of vitamins in plants. Chemical reactions for identification and quantitative determination. Uses in medicine. Plants and medicinal plant materials containing vitamins.

2

5.

Isoprenoids, volatile oils. Classification, distribution in plant kingdom and localization in plant materials. Influence of ontogenetic factors and environmental conditions on the accumulation in plants. Biosynthesis of terpenoids.

2

6.

Physical and chemical properties of volatile oils. The methods of obtaining of volatile oil from medicinal plant materials. Methods of quantitative determination of volatile oils and analysis of purity and adulterants in volatile oils. Plants and medicinal plant materials containing terpenoids and volatile oils.

2

7.

Iridoids as a group of biological active substance, properties, sources and uses in medicine.

2

8.

Lipids and fixed oils. Classification, physical and chemical properties of fixed oils, the methods of obtaining. Methods of quantitative determination of fixed oils and analysis of purity (physical and chemical indices). Plants and medicinal plant materials containing fixed oils, medicinal uses.

2

9.

Glycosides, nomenclature and classification, general characters. Methods of analyses. Glucosinolate compounds and cyanogenetic glycosides, their properties. Plants and medicinal plant materials containing glucosinolate compounds and cyanogenetic glycosides. Uses in medicine.

2

10.

Saponins. Peculiarities of classification. Physical and chemical properties. Methods of analyses. Pharmacological action. Plants and medicinal plant materials containing saponins. Uses in medicine.

2

11.

Cardiosteroids. Classification, physical and chemical properties. Methods of extraction, detection and quantitative determination. Peculiarities of standardization. Plants and medicinal plant materials containing cardiosteroids. Uses in medicine.

2

 

Total:

22