Pharmacognosy

DEPARTMENT OF PHARMACOGNOSY AND BOTANY

MPM, containing phenolic compounds

 

 

MPM name

Source

Constituents

Action, use

Folia Uvae ursi

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi (L.) Spreng. (bearberry), Ericaceae

arbutin (6-10%) and methylarbutin;

gallotannins (15-20%); flavonoids (quercetin), catechol, ursone, ursulic acid, iridoidstriterpenes, monotropein (an iridoid), picein

diuretic and astringent; as adjunctive therapy in the diuretic treatment of benign urinary disorders, and to enhance the renal excretion of water.

Folia Vitis idaeae

Vaccinium vitis idaea , Ericaceae

arbutin (5-7%), methylarbutin (3%); phenolic and oxycinnamic acids (coffeic, ferulic, chlorogenic); flavonoids; triterpenes; tannins (20%).

antiseptic, diuretic, astringent in kidney stone disease and cystitis.

Rhizomata Filicis maris

Dryopteris filix-mas (L.)Schott. (male fern) , Dryopteridaceae (Aspidiaceae)

phloroglucinol derivatives which occur as mono-, bi-, tri- and tetracyclic compounds; aspidinol, filicinic acid; albaspidin and flavaspidic acid, filicic acid.

antihelmintic.

Strobili Lupuli

Humulus lupulus L. (hops), Cannabaceae

prenylated derivatives of a 1-acylphloroglucinol: lupulone, humulone, and related compounds (15%-30%); flavonoids; essential oil (myrcene, humulene, caryophyllene);2-methyl-3-buten-2-ol

sedative for insomnia, states of anxiety, and nervousness; an appetite stimulant.

Herba Violae

Viola arvensis Murray (wild pansy, heartsease) and/or Viola tricolor L., Violaceae.

salicylic acid, volatile oil (methylsalycilate), saponins (14%), flavonoids (violanthin).

expectorant, diuretic and anti-inflammatory

 

Rhizomata et Radices Podophylli

Podophyllum peltatum L. (podophyllum), Berberidaceae

3 to 6% resin

(lignans podophyllotoxin (20%), a- and b-peltatins (5 and 10% respectively), desoxypodophyllotoxin, and close derivatives

podophyllotoxin is an active antitumour drug

Flores Filipendulae ulmariae

Filipendula ulmaria (L.) Maxim. (queen-of-the-meadow), Rosaceae

glycosides of phenolic acids (xyloglucosides of methyl salicylate (monotropitoside) and of salicylaldehyde); flavonol glycosides (spiraeoside, rutin, hyperin); tannins; essential oil (methyl salicylate and salicylaldehyde)

for fever and flu-like symptoms, and as an anti-analgic (headaches, toothaches); for the symptomatic treatment of minor pains in the joints; to enhance urinary and digestive elimination functions

Herba Centaurii

Centaurium erythraea Rafn. (C. minus Moench, C. umbellatum Gilib., Erythraea centaurium (L.) Pers.) (centaury), Gentianaceae.

xanthones, substituted in position 6; monoterpenoid glycosides (iridoids gentiopicrine, gentiopicroside, swertiamarine, amarogentine); volatile oil, monoterpenoid alkaloids (gentianine, gentiamine, gentianidine) .

infusion is used as a bitter; herb is a component of appetite and stomach teas

Cortex Salicis

Salix acutifolia Willd., Salicaceae

salicin; glycosides of phenols and of phenolic acids (such as p-coumaric, ferulic and salicylic); proanthocyanidin dimers and trimers, flavonoids;

anti-inflammatory properties (for fever and flu-like symptoms, and as an antalgic (headaches, toothaches), symptomatic treatment of minor pains in the joints)

Herba Solidaginis

Solidago virgaureaL.

(European goldenrod), S. canadensis L. (goldenrod), Asteraceae

chlorogenic acid, virgaareoside A and leiocarposide; tannins, essential oil, diterpenes, flavonoids; saponins

enhances urinary and digestive elimination functions, and to enhance the renal excretion of water

Semina Silybi

Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertn (St.Mary thistle, blessed milk thistle), Asteraceae.

flavonolignans. (silymarin 1.5 to 3%; silybin, silydianin, silychristin) lipids; proteins; flavonoids

hepatoprotective properties due to flavonolignans

Rhizomata et Radices Eleutherococci

Eleutherococcus senticosus (Rupr. et Maxim.) Maxim.

(Eleutherococcus, Siberian Ginseng), Araliaceae

8 eleutherosides (lignans, triterpene saponins, coumarins); volatile oil and resins. The main lignan is syringoresinol

CNS stimulant and adaptogenic, decreases sugar level in blood